Massac County, Illinois

{{Infobot = Metropolis | largest city = Metropolis | area_total_sq_mi = 242.12 | area_land_sq_mi = 239.05 | area_water_sq_mi = 3.06 | area percentage = 1.26% | census yr = 2000 | pop = 15161 | density_sq_mi = 63 | density_km2 = 24 | time zone = Central | UTC offset = -6 | DST offset= -5 | footnotes = | web = |}}

Massac County is a county located on the Ohio River in the state of Illinois, USA. As of 2000, the population was 15,161. Its county seat is Metropolis, Illinois[1].

Massac County is part of the Paducah, KY-IL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

Geography

Fort Massac on the Ohio River

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 242.12 square miles (627.1 km2), of which 239.05 square miles (619.1 km2) (or 98.73%) is land and 3.06 square miles (7.9 km2) (or 1.26%) is water.[2]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

History

This area was occupied by various cultures of indigenous peoples for thousands of years before European contact. The most complex and last was that of the Mississippian culture, which built the complex mounds and plaza at the Kincaid Site (now a National Historic Landmark). They abandoned the site in about 1500, centuries before European contact.

Part of the Illinois Country was claimed by French explorers, this area was barely settled, with most French colonial villages close to the Mississippi River. During the French and Indian War against the British, the French built a fort here in 1757. It was named Fort Massac after Claude Louis d'Espinchal, Marquis de Massiac, the French Naval Minister. Massiac is a commune in Cantal, France. Although beginning to be settled by European Americans after the American Revolution, Massac County was formally organized in 1843, out of territory from both Johnson and Pope counties. In the mid-19th century, after the revolutions of 1848, the Midwest received many German immigrants. Their self-identified descendants today comprise nearly one-third of the population of the county.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 13,110
1910 14,200 8.3%
1920 13,559 −4.5%
1930 14,081 3.8%
1940 14,937 6.1%
1950 13,594 −9.0%
1960 14,341 5.5%
1970 13,889 −3.2%
1980 14,990 7.9%
1990 14,752 −1.6%
2000 15,161 2.8%
IL Counties 1900-1990

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 15,161 people, 6,261 households, and 4,320 families residing in the county. The population density was 63 people per square mile (24/km²). There were 6,951 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.57% White, 5.48% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.9% were of German, 19.3% American, 12.2% English and 10.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 6,261 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.50% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.00% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,498, and the median income for a family was $39,068. Males had a median income of $32,793 versus $20,399 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,334. About 10.40% of families and 13.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.40% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Unincorporated communities

Climate and weather

Metropolis, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.5
 
42
25
 
 
3.9
 
48
29
 
 
4.4
 
58
38
 
 
4.7
 
69
47
 
 
4.8
 
77
56
 
 
4
 
86
64
 
 
4.3
 
90
68
 
 
3
 
88
66
 
 
3.3
 
82
59
 
 
3.2
 
71
47
 
 
4.5
 
58
38
 
 
4.4
 
47
29
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Metropolis have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 90 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1984 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1999. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.00 inches (76 mm) in August to 4.76 inches (121 mm) in May.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Metropolis, Illinois". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USIL0764. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 

Coordinates: 37°13′N 88°43′W / 37.22°N 88.71°W / 37.22; -88.71

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