Newark, Ohio

Newark, Ohio
—  City  —
A section of the Newark Great Circle.
Nickname(s): "Nerk" "Little Chicago"
Location of Newark, Ohio
Location within Licking County
Coordinates: 40°3′47″N 82°25′0″W / 40.06306°N 82.416667°W / 40.06306; -82.416667Coordinates: 40°3′47″N 82°25′0″W / 40.06306°N 82.416667°W / 40.06306; -82.416667
Country United States
State  Ohio
County Licking
Government
 - Mayor Bob Diebold
Area
 - Total 19.8 sq mi (51.3 km2)
 - Land 19.6 sq mi (50.6 km2)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation[1] 833 ft (254 m)
Population (2010)
 - Total 47,573
 - Density 2,425/sq mi (936.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 43055, 43056, 43058, 43093
Area code(s) 740
FIPS code 39-54040[2]
GNIS feature ID 1065144[1]
Website http://www.ci.newark.oh.us/

Newark is a city in and the county seat of Licking County, Ohio, United States,[3] 33 miles (53 km) east of Columbus, at the junction of the forks of the Licking River. The population was 47,573 at the 2010 census.[4]

Contents

Geography

Newark is located at 40°3′47″N 82°25′0″W / 40.06306°N 82.416667°W / 40.06306; -82.416667 (40.063014, -82.416779)[5].

In terms of population, Newark is the second-largest Newark in the United States, after Newark, New Jersey. It is part of the Columbus, Ohio metropolitan area.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.8 square miles (51.3 km²), of which, 19.5 square miles (50.5 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it (1.21%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[2] July 2010, there were 47,236 people, 19,312 households, and 12,108 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,366.7 people per square mile (914.0/km²). There were 20,625 housing units at an average density of 1,054.8 per square mile (407.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.12% White, 3.10% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 07.32% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population.

There were 19,312 households out of which 58.8% had children under the age of 17 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 29.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 7.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,791, and the median income for a family was $42,138. Males had a median income of $8,542 versus $12,868 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,819. About 10.1% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.9% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

History

A further section of the Great Circle.

Indigenous peoples lived along the river valleys for thousands of years before European contact. From more than two thousand years ago, 100 BC to 500 AD, people of the Hopewell culture transformed the area of Newark. They built many earthen mounds and enclosures, creating the single largest earthwork complex in the Ohio River Valley. The Newark Earthworks, designated a National Historic Landmark, have been preserved to document and interpret the area's significant ancient history. The earthworks cover several square miles. The Observatory Mound, Observatory Circle, and the interconnected Octagon earthworks span nearly 3,000 feet (910 m) in length. The Octagon alone is large enough to contain four Roman Coliseums. The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt would fit precisely inside Observatory Circle. The even larger 1,180-foot (360 m)-diameter Newark Great Circle is the largest circular earthwork in the Americas. The 8 feet (2.4 m)-high walls surround a 5 feet (1.5 m)-deep moat. At the entrance, the walls and moat are of greater and more impressive dimensions.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 999
1840 2,705 170.8%
1850 3,654 35.1%
1860 4,675 27.9%
1870 6,698 43.3%
1880 9,600 43.3%
1890 14,270 48.6%
1900 18,157 27.2%
1910 25,404 39.9%
1920 26,718 5.2%
1930 30,596 14.5%
1940 31,487 2.9%
1950 34,275 8.9%
1960 41,790 21.9%
1970 41,836 0.1%
1980 41,162 −1.6%
1990 44,389 7.8%
2000 46,279 4.3%
2010 47,573 2.8%

In addition, the remains of a road leading south from the Octagon have been documented and explored. It was first surveyed in the 19th century, when its walls were more apparent. Called the Great Hopewell Road, it may extend 60 miles (97 km) to the Hopewell complex at Chillicothe, Ohio. It was surveyed at least six miles (10 km) south of the Octagon, and can be seen on photographs and with LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) sensing technology south of that.[6]

Contemporary archaeogeodesy and archaeoastronomy researchers have demonstrated that the Hopewell and other prehistoric cultures had advanced scientific understandings which they used to create their earthworks for astronomical observations, markings and celebrations. Researchers analyzed the placements, alignments, dimensions, and site-to-site interrelationships of the Hopewell earthworks to understand what had been done. Today, the Ohio Historical Society preserves the Great Circle Earthworks in a public park near downtown Newark, called Mound Builders Park (or the Newark Earthworks) located at 99 Cooper Ave, Newark, Ohio. The area of the Octagon Earthworks had been leased to a country club, but new arrangements in 1997 provide for more public access to it.

Later American Indian tribes inhabiting the area at the time of European contact were distant descendants of the earlier peoples.

After exploration by traders and trappers in earlier centuries, the first European-American settlers arrived in 1802, led by Gen. William C. Schenck. He named the new village after his New Jersey hometown. Later public improvements led to growth in the town, as it was linked to major transportation and trade networks. On July 4, 1825, Governor's Clinton of New York and Morrow of Ohio dug the first shovelfuls of dirt for the Ohio and Erie Canal project, at the Licking Summit near Newark, Ohio. On April 11, 1855, Newark became a stop along the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad that connected Pittsburgh to Chicago and St. Louis. On April 16, 1857, the Central Ohio Railroad connected Newark west to Columbus, and later Newark maintained a station on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.

The Heisey Glass Company started in Newark in 1895. The factory operated there until the company's demise in 1957 due to changing tastes. Known for being of exceptional quality and craftsmanship, Heisey glass products continue to be highly sought after by collectors. The National Heisey Glass Museum, operated by the Heisey Collectors of America, Inc., is located on Sixth Street in Newark.

In 1909, the Arcade was opened. Modeled after innovative European buildings, it became one of Newark, Ohio's first successful retail emporiums. Later versions became known as shopping malls. At 60,000 square feet (5,600 m2), the Arcade is one-third the size of an average Wal-Mart. The original architecture provides a beautiful setting that attracts shoppers to its businesses.

Climate

Climate data for Newark, Ohio
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 76
(24.4)
75
(23.9)
85
(29.4)
90
(32.2)
95
(35)
101
(38.3)
106
(41.1)
101
(38.3)
103
(39.4)
90
(32.2)
81
(27.2)
76
(24.4)
106
(41.1)
Average high °F (°C) 36
(2.2)
40
(4.4)
51
(10.6)
63
(17.2)
73
(22.8)
82
(27.8)
85
(29.4)
84
(28.9)
77
(25)
66
(18.9)
52
(11.1)
40
(4.4)
62
(16.7)
Average low °F (°C) 20
(-6.7)
21
(-6.1)
29
(-1.7)
39
(3.9)
48
(8.9)
57
(13.9)
61
(16.1)
60
(15.6)
52
(11.1)
41
(5)
32
(0)
23
(-5)
40
(4.4)
Record low °F (°C) -24
(-31.1)
-26
(-32.2)
-7
(-21.7)
12
(-11.1)
23
(-5)
32
(0)
41
(5)
38
(3.3)
25
(-3.9)
14
(-10)
-4
(-20)
-21
(-29.4)
-26
(-32.2)
Precipitation inches (cm) 3.1
(7.8)
2.5
(6.3)
3.5
(8.8)
3.8
(9.5)
4.2
(10.8)
4.5
(11.5)
4.3
(10.8)
3.6
(9.3)
2.9
(7.4)
2.6
(6.7)
3.0
(7.6)
2.9
(7.4)
40.9
(103.8)
Source: Weatherbase[7]

Business

Longaberger corporate headquarters on State Route 16.

Newark is the site of several major manufacturers, most of which have shut down due to the economy. The corporate headquarters of basket-maker Longaberger had their new building designed as a gigantic "medium market basket," their most popular model. Holophane, founded in 1898, is one of the world's oldest manufacturers of lighting-related products. The main factory of Owens Corning Fiberglass is also located in Newark. State Farm Insurance has Regional Headquarters in Newark, Ohio. Several industrial parks house such major companies as Kaiser Aluminum, DOW Chemical, General Electric, Bayer, THK, Harry and David, Communicolor, Diebold, Boeing, Anomatic, International Paper and Tamarack Farms Dairy. The Park National Bank Corporation is headquartered in downtown Newark.

The main shopping center in the area is the Indian Mound Mall (located in nearby Heath). The mall is named after the world-famous Indian earthworks built 2,000 years ago by the Hopewell Indians of central Ohio.[8] Both earthworks are located less than a mile away from the shopping mall named for them.

Education

Newark City School District serves the city of Newark. Newark High School consists of nearly 1800 students and competes at the OHSAA D1 level. Newark High School has a storied tradition in Academics and Sports, as well as Performing Arts. Newark High School has won 4 OHSAA Basketball titles (36', 38', 43', 08') and 3 AP Football titles. The Pride of Newark Marching Band has made an unprecedented 31 consecutive years to the OMEA state finals and the Newark High School Symphony just finished runner-Up in the National Orchestra Cup in New York City. Their Concert Choir recently sang in Italy and was sponsored by Disney. Under the direction of Kimberly & Michael Wigglesworth, the choir has qualified for OMEA Choir state Finals for the past 15 years. A branch campus of Ohio State University is also located in the city. The Ohio State University, Newark Campus, founded in 1957, schools just over 2,000 students, primarily serving as a bridge to the main campus in Columbus. The campus also shares its establishment with a two-year technical college, COTC (Central Ohio Technical College). Newark is also home to a number of private religious schools, most notably Newark Catholic High School.

Religion

Newark is a predominantly Christian community renowned for its many historic churches, most being in the downtown area. Some historic and influential churches include:

Cemeteries

Notable natives

References in culture

Points of interest

Licking County courthouse.

References

  1. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder2". http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. Retrieved 2010-03-20. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ William F. Romain and Jarrod Burks, "LiDAR Imaging of the Great Hopewell Road", 04 February 2008, Ohio Archaeological Council, accessed 24 Feb 2010
  7. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Newark, Ohio, United States of America". July 2011. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=747533&refer=&cityname=Newark-Ohio-United-States-of-America. 
  8. ^ Ohio State Parks: Great Circle Earthworks

External links

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