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Cette page est une version traduite de la page Wiktionnaire:Actualités/047-février-2019 et la traduction est complétée à 69 %.

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Wiktionnaire:Actualités is a small monthly periodical about Wiktionary and words, created in April 2015. Everyone is welcome to contribute to it. You can sign up to be noticed of the future issues, read old issues and participate to the draft of the next edition. You can also have a look at Regards sur l’actualité de la Wikimedia. If you have any comments, critics or suggestions, our talk page is open!

  • 2015: April (001) . May (002) . June (003) . July (004) . August (005) . September (006) . October (007) . November (008) . December (009)
  • 2016: January (010) . February (011) . March (012) . April (013) . May (014) . June (015) . July (016) . August (017) . September (018) . October (019) . November (020) . December (021)
  • 2017: January (022) . February (023) . March (024). April (025). May (026). June (027). July (028). August (029). September (030). October (031). November (032) . December (033)
  • 2018: January (034) . February (035) . March (036) . April (037) . May (038) . June (039) . July (040) . August (041) . September (042) . October (043) . November (044) . December (045)
  • 2019: January (046) . February (047)
Actualités - Issue 47 - February 2018

Picture of a manhole cover in Japan by Ka23 13, submitted during the Photo contest of February on the theme of rotation symetry.


  • In response to a petition demanding a law to govern the use of English in France, Gaspard Koenig has written an editorial defending the primacy of usage and the necessity of letting people express oneself as they wish in the press box of the Échos.
  • Lexicologist Jean Pruvost has been invited as a guest in the program La Tête au carré on the radio station France Inter on January 28th to talk about etymology (among others).

The Year of Indigenous Languages

2019 has been declared by UNESCO « Year of Indigenous Languages ». The organisation has decided to direct its social actions on the conservation and the valorization of linguistic diversity. It has set up a reference site to allow actors to commit oneself and expand the exposure for their organized events on indigenous languages. To give some context to this theme, Unesco has published some statistics:

  • 7,000 languages spoken worldwide
  • 370 millions indigenous people in the world
  • 90 countries with indigenous communities
  • 5,000 different indigenous cultures
  • 2,680 languages in danger

The Wiktionary plays a growing role in the defence and conservations of languages. The project hosts and decribes every languages without distinction and save traces left in human history. Many editors record languages not well known in the West and allow them to reach more people, but there is still a lot of work to do.

Here is a list of some editors committed to those languages in the French Wiktionary:

  • Pamputt maps world languages in the Wiktionary by providing a reference source for each one
  • Unsui has created the largest Northern Sámi online dictionary in the Wiktionary
  • Treehill is interested in dead languages not well known (Gaulish, Lepontic…) and contribute on Gallo and West Flemish two languages in danger in France
  • Prieladkozh works on Breton, to save the last Celtic language spoken in France
  • Lyokoï has reorganized Oïl languages and has co-founded the tool Lingua Libre allowing to record every language of the world
  • (do not hesitate to add yourself on the list! ) — a column by Lyokoï


20 January 2019 to 20 February 2019

+ 20,946 entries and 136 languages modified to reach 3,626,993 entries and 1,099 languages with at least five entries.

+ 3,091 entries in French to reach 370,368 lemmas and 552,665 definitions.

+ 3,666 quotations or examples in French to reach 372,011.

+ 4,936 pronunciations (including 4,759 for French) to reach 121,130 audio pronunciations for 101 languages (including 34,072 for French).

+ 5,685 illustrative media (picture and videos) in French Wiktionary pages, to reach 45,688.
Cette importante augmentation est due à la prise en compte des illustrations au format .svg qui étaient omises du décompte auparavant.

+ 3 thesaurus to reach 546 thesaurus in 55 languages including 378 French thesaurus ! New thesaurus have been created on crêpe (started by Pamputt), galette (started by Lyokoï) and on fermentation (created by Stephane8888).

+ 27 new languages for a total of 4,674 languages: Ketum, Kumukio, Kwomtari, Kota (Gabon), Laha (Indonesia), Lhokpu, Logorik, Kungkari, Kinnauri, Koraga Korra, Konda-Dora, Konyak, Kami (Tanzania), Koenoem, Kinalakna, Njalgulgule, Bangru, Songhaï Humburi Senni, Seit-Kaitetu, Syuba, Gongduk, Judeo-Tunisian Arabic, Kombio, Kho’ini, Kxoe, Dar Fur Daju and Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic.

Top three languages with most addition after French is Northern Sami (+ 12,496 entries), Breton (+ 1,002 entries) and English (+ 621 entries).

Reading and contributing

An external stats tool provide each month a list of most viewed pages and most modified pages.

Wiktionnaire:Questions sur les mots [Questions on words] record in February 55 questions compared to 84 in January and 56 in December.

Terminology specialized on cartography offered by the Comité français de Cartographie has been entirely reviewed and integrated in the Wiktionary! A brief presentation of the importation project has been written to keep track of the operation and there is an on-going discussion to think about followups for this partnership.

New categories

Entry into circulation of the Category:Cryptomonnaies.

One-year evolution

Francisco Dans, a developer working for the Wikimedia Foundation, has published on his website the evolutions on different Wikimedia projects in different languages from January 2018 to January 2019. Regarding the different linguistic versions of the Wiktionary, extremely dynamic communities exist on « small » Wiktionaries; for example, there is an active community on the Urdu Wiktionary (a language spoken in Pakistan) : they have multiplied by more than 5 the number of articles reaching more than 29000 articles. Urdu Wiktionary ranks at second place for its growth among all Wikimedia project (regardless of language). Then, there is the Nepalese Wiktionary (+153 %) and the Bengali Wiktionary (+101 %). With an evolution of slightly more than 6% of its number of pages, the French Wiktionary ranks at 31st rank. Comparatively, the largest project, English Wiktionary grow at a rate of more than 9%, ranking at 23rd rank.

At the bottom of the ranking, there is 73 linguistic versions of the Wiktionary, representing almost 50% of all versions, growing at less than 1% and even 14 versions with no entry growth at all for one year. The Chinese Wiktionary with more than one million entries belongs to that second half, it may indicate that their community is at rest.

Among other languages historically spoken in mainland France, there is Catalan (+28 %), Occitan (+19 %), Breton (+4 %), Basque (+0,1 %) and Corsican whose article number has not changed. Among all these projects, the French Wiktionary is the only one that provides detailed statistics on the evolution of different content types each month, not to only rely on the number of pages (that count flexion pages, often generated by scripts) but also different form of content enrichment (with examples, pictures and audio, etc.).
— a column by Pamputt

A multiplier, part of a water mill, picture of Daniel Villafruela.

Dictionary of the month

Collective work, Le Dico des Ados, September 2016-, online.

The Dico des Ados is a website hosting word definitions written by and for teenagers, i.e. mainly 8-13 years old. Definitions are preferably simple, with no word requiring other definitions and with appropriate examples. This website has been set up by a teacher — Vivian Epiney — who built educational activities on definition redaction by his students, and wanted to add value to their work and preserve it in the long term. He then set up a website and used MediaWiki, the tool behind the Wiktionary and Wikipedia. He used a pared down graphical design and some nice drawings. After months of completion, the teacher in charge notified Vikidia — Wikipedia for youngsters — of the project existence, and we posted a few messages at that moment. Reciprocal links were created on the pages of both projects to strengthen their synergy, and links to the Wiktionary were automatically added on each page of the Dico des Ados.

This month, I got in contact with the administrator and we have agreed on a phone call. Lyokoï and 3(MG)² (who is administrator on Vikidia) joined us, and we have discussed on the connections between both our projects, community differences and actions we could initiate to attract more readers and more potential editors.

Rien à redire sur l’ergonomie du site, ou sur le formulaire de contribution (un vrai éditeur visuel adapté !), ni sur les très claires pages pour les adultes, avec notamment une très belle présentation en quelques diapos, un document de conseils pour les enseignants qui voudraient participer avec leurs classes et un article paru dans la presse locale ce mois-ci sur le projet.

Nous avons réfléchi aux liens que nous pourrions faire entre le Wiktionnaire et le Dico des Ados, et nous avons surtout convenu d’entre-aide technique et lexicographique pour l’instant, plutôt que de liens dans la navigation. Nous lui avons notamment présenté en quelques mots Lingua Libre, l’outil d’enregistrement, et en moins d’une semaine, les 1,800 entrées étaient enrichis par des enregistrements audios ! Un bénéfice aussi pour le Wiktionnaire, car les enregistrements ont été ajoutés des deux côtés simultanément. Côté Dico des Ados, grâce à Simon2001, un administrateur de Vikidia qui a offert son aide promptement pour développer un bot dédié à cette tâche. Une autre discussion est en cours avec 0x010C pour permettre l’identification grâce à un compte utilisateur créé sur un des projets de la Fondation Wikimedia.

Le projet part donc sur une bonne voie, agrémentée de sons et de belles illustrations, et il ne reste plus à cette œuvre qu’à grandir !
— a column by Noé

An almost circular crêpe, picture by Chaojoker.

LexiSession of February

Boosted by the Tremendous Wiktionary User Groupe, the LexiSessions aim at offering monthly themes to dynamize all of the Wiktionaries at a time. The themes are suggested on Meta and announced on the Wikidémie, the main talk area of the French Wiktionary. The LexiSession of February was about crêpes and galettes and gave birth to two thesaurus and the improvement of pages le roi boit, la reine boit, roi de la fève and reine de la fève by Alphabeta !

For March, the suggested theme is war.

De la bibliothèque à la médiathèque

Erik Orsenna et Noël Corbin publient un livre nommé Voyage au pays des bibliothèques, qui fait un état des lieux sur l’évolution de la lecture en France. Les deux auteurs mettent en avant le succès des médiathèques avec une progression de leur fréquentation de 23 % depuis 2005. Cette embellie, contraire aux prédictions des années 2000 suite à l’arrivée du numérique, vient de leur adaptation à la demande : dans certaines d’entre elles il est possible de suivre un cours de cuisine, faire de la gym, boire une bière ou apprendre à contribuer au Wiktionnaire comme à Strasbourg ou à Lyon.

Ce chiffre cache une baisse constante de la lecture : 12 % des Français empruntent aujourd’hui des livres en bibliothèque. En comparant le nombre d’inscrits avec la fréquentation globale, on s’aperçoit qu’il est tombé de 69 % en 1997 à 39 % en 2016.

Selon Orsenna et Corbin, la médiathèque doit continuer dans cette voie et devenir le « laboratoire des politiques culturelles du XXIe siècle ».
— a column by Romainbehar

L’ISO met à jour ses codes

L’ISO 639-3 est un ensemble de codes associés aux langues, fixé comme un standard international et géré par la SIL International. Il sert de base pour les codes utilisés dans le Wiktionnaire. Initialement construit à partir d’un inventaire partiel, il est régulièrement mis à jour pour suivre l’évolution des descriptions des langues, mais aussi les évolutions politiques qui amènent à des reconnaissances officielles de dialectes ou des distinctions nouvelles.

Fin janvier, la SIL a publié un document synthétisant la mise à jour des codes ISO 639-3 servant à identifier les langues. Quatre-vingt-dix-huit demandes de changements ont été étudiées ; la plupart concerne des changements d’informations pour des langues disposant déjà d’un code ISO 639-3.

Pour le reste, le subi (code xsj), le lavi (code lvi), la langue des signes de Sivia (code lsv), le chin ekai (code cey), le keerray-woorroong (code wkr), le tjungundji (code tjj), le tjupany (code tjp), le mpinda (code pnd), la langue des signes tibétaine (code lsn), le taivoan (code tvx), le sakizaya (szy), l’us-saare (uss) et le ut-hun (uth) disposent maintenant d’un code ISO 639-3.

Les codes llo (khlor), myd (maramba), myi (mina (Inde)), asd (asas), lba (lui), nns (ningye) et wly (waling) ont par ailleurs été rendus obsolètes soit car l’ancienne langue a été séparée en deux langues, soit car la langue est considérée comme non existante.
— a column by Pamputt and Noé


Cette rubrique vous propose de faire une revue de vidéos sur la lexicographie, la linguistique et la langue française sorties ou découvertes ce mois-ci.

  • Jean-Michel Cornu, spécialiste de la coopération et de l’intelligence collective, propose de nombreuses vidéos et supports sous licence libre. Il forme au travail en groupe, et il consacre sa dernière courte vidéo au vocabulaire de la collaboration.


Fichier:Air Solution.jpg
The compressed word was « Air »

The word to be recognized last month was « Air ». Each contestant found the right answer. And they were quite inspired! This calligram comes from the serie Mots compressés (compressed words), of the artist HCr. Thanks to him for allowing me to publish it.
— a game by Koalabray